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26 739 2018
英语常用词guess疑难用法
可以表示“猜测但不一定猜中”(第二类动词),但也可以表示“猜中”(第四类动词)。大体上,可以从它的搭配上加以区别:
(1)在下列情况下是“猜测但不一定猜中”:
(a)祈使句。【例如】Guess who she brought with her! 你猜猜她把谁给带来了!/ Guess what? 你猜猜看(我要告诉你什么)?间接的祈使句也有相同的情况。【例如】Ask the children to guess what's in each container by dipping their hands in. 叫孩?#29992;?#25226;手伸进每个容器里面沾一下,猜容器里面盛着什么。
(b)第一人称的一般现在时。【例如】I guess I must be going now. 我想我该走了。/ I guess I got the news a day or so late. 我想我收到这个消息晚了一两天。
(c)任?#38382;?#24577;后接间接?#31034;?#25110;以that(可省略)引入的名词从句。【例如】They'd already guessed who was going to be appointed. 他们已经推测谁会得到任命。/ She guessed that she was fifty yards from shore. 她推测自己离岸五十码远。
(d)进行式。【例如】I suggest that you keep her guessing. 我建议你最好让她摸不透。
(e)guess后面有介词at或about。【例如】What went on in Townsend's mind at that point could only be guessed at. 汤森德此时有什么心事,只能靠猜测。/ Stroeve tried to talk to me about the picture, but he was incoherent. I had to guess at what he meant.(Somerset Maugham, The Moon and Sixpence, Chapter XXXIX) 施特略夫尽量想把他见到的这幅画描述给我听,但是他说?#20204;把?#19981;搭后语,许多意思都只能由我猜测。/ She likes to keep them guessing about her age. 她?#19981;?#35753;他们摸不透她的年龄。
(2)在下列情况下是“猜中”:
(a)一般将?#35789;?#25110;过去将?#35789;保?#32943;定或否定)。【例如】You'll never guess what he said.你永远也猜不出他那时说的是什么。/ He was twenty-six, but no one would ever guess. He looked nineteen. 他已经二十六岁了,但是谁都猜不出来。他看起来像十九岁。/ He would immediately guess their true intent. 他就会马上猜出他们的真正意图。
(b)现在、过去或将来完成时。【例如】Someone might have guessed our secret and passed it on. 可能有人猜出了我们的秘密,传了出去。/ He should have guessed what would happen. 会发生什?#35789;攏?#20182;本?#20174;?#35813;猜得出来。/ You will no doubt have guessed the truth: that she was far less mad than she seemed.... (John Fowles, The French Lieutenant's Woman, Chapter 9, p. 64) 不用说,读者也可以猜到实情:她表面上好象是疯了,实际上根本就没有疯…
(c)前面有can (could) 或happen to。【例如】I can guess what's going through your mind. 你心里想些什么,我都能猜得出来。/ No one can guess the true reason. 真正的原因,谁都猜不出来。/ Can you guess how old I am? 你能猜得出我几岁吗?/ Most of the students happened to guess the right answer. 大多数学生猜中了正确的答案。
(d)后面有名词宾语。【例如】guess a riddle猜中一个谜(比较guess at a riddle猜一个谜)/ I had guessed the identity of her lover. 我猜出了她的情人是谁。
(e)过去时后面没有下文。【例如】How did you guess? 你是怎样猜出来的?
(f)前面或后面有表示难易、正误等意义的词语。【例如】His age is hard to guess.他的年龄很难猜得出来。/ He guessed right about some things. 他对某些事情是猜中了。/ She guessed wrong. 她猜错了。
(g)一般过去时否定。【例如】But still he did not guess. Nor did he — but in this case, how could he?— guess what had happened to Sarah when she left him the previous afternoon. (John Fowles, The French Lieutenant's Woman, Chapter 23, p. 198) (刘宪之、蔺延梓译本是:“尽管如此,可他并不猜疑。同样,他也没有猜测前一天下午莎拉离开他后碰到了什?#35789;隆?rdquo;看?#20174;?#35823;。似应改为:“尽管如此,可他并没有猜出来。同样,他也没有猜出(在这件事情上,他又怎么可能猜得出来呢)前一天下午莎拉离开他后碰到了什?#35789;隆?rdquo;

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